History of the NAACP
Black historian and sociologist W.E.B. Du Bois was at the forefront of the civil rights movement. In 1905, in collaboration with a group of African American activists and white civil rights workers, W.E.B. Du Bois met in New York to discuss the challenges facing the black community. In the mid 1920s, a second Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was at its peak with 15% of the nation's men, or around 4-5 million members. They advocated extreme white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigraiton. Their actions can be expressed as terroism. They wore white robes, masks, and conical hats to terrify their victims and disguise themselves. In the 1920s, the second KKK introduced cross burnings.
Founded in 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), is the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization. It was founded by W.E.B. Du Bois, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald G. Villiard, William E. Walling and Ida B. Wells-Barnett. The NAACP took up the right to fight against the lynching of African Americans. The mission of the NAACP is to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate all racial discrimination. The NAACP's vision statement "is to ensure a society in which all individuals have equal rights without discrimination based on race".
The NAACP and other civil rights organizations helped bring a collapse to the KKK membership in the 1920s. The membership had dropped to 30,000 by 1930.They were able to unite African Americans and not only protect them but also create a sense of pride for them. The NAACP is still around today helping to create equality for all.
Go to this link to see different propaganda during the 1920s, reflecting African American discrimination during that period.